Face scrubs are a great way to stay on top of letting your newest, most radiant skin shine. The benefits of working a facial scrub into your weekly routine are numerous. Exfoliating will help with acne prevention, wrinkle reduction, the absorption of moisturizers as well as improved blood circulation in your facial tissue. All face scrubs contain an exfoliator that, when used properly, will gently remove the outer most layer of the epidermis, leaving your newer, healthier skin cells exposed and will also make moisturizers and other acne treatments more effective since your new epidermis is more penetrable.
How should I use my face scrub?
The frequency you use your face scrub will depend on your skin type, sensitivity and PH. Most dermatologists don’t recommend using a face scrub everyday; between 1 and 3 times a week is generally advised. Otherwise, overuse can result in excessively dry skin, where your skin is depleted of its essential oils and over exfoliation will leave your skin with microscopic cuts, making it more prone to infections. You also want to make sure your scrub is specifically made for facial use and is not a body scrub. Body scrubs tend to have slightly harsher exfoliators in them that could be harmful and damaging to more sensitive facial tissue.
For application, place a quarter-sized amount on your finger tips and apply to your face, gently massaging in a circular motion into your forehead, cheeks and chin as these areas tend to collect more dead skin cells then other areas. Be sure to be extra careful around your lips and eye lids. Rinse with water.
What is the exfoliator?
There are several common products used in scrubs that serve as the exfoliator. They range in size and shape and may be organic or inorganic. A face scrub that is 100% natural may use ground apricot pits, ground walnuts, kiwi seeds or even ground tree products. Caution should be used since some of these natural ground products can be sharp and, though small, can cause microscopic cuts on your skin, leaving skin cells susceptible to infections and therefore acne.
Inorganic exfoliators commonly found in face scrubs include aluminum oxide, polyethylene beads and other various acids. Aluminum oxide is most often found in microdermabrasion kits and is used as a fine stream in tiny crystal form to blast away the upper most layer of the epidermis. Although it is used in microdermabrasion procedures in a closed system, there is concern among the dermatology community regarding adverse side effects of the chemical such as respiratory issues if inhaled and scratched corneas or eardrums if not contained properly. Further research may be a good idea if you are considering going the microdermabrasion route.
Polyethylene beads are some of the most commonly used exfoliating materials. They are small, smooth, round plastic beads that are much more gentle then the sharper edges of ground nuts and seeds.
Common acids found in scrubs (and also found in peels and masks) include Apha-hydroxy acids, which help with fine lines and wrinkles, Hydroquinone, which bleaches and lightens skin and Retinol, which is used for improved moisture retention. This is a only a brief list of commonly used chemicals in skin care products as there is a wealth of knowledge online on this topic.
What exactly goes into face scrub?
All Best Face Scrub contain the same basic ingredients. These are the exfoliator, a base (either some type of oil or an emollient) and various aromatics. The aromatics can be anything from orange, almond or tangerine oil, chamomile or various fruit pulps. Many face scrubs simply list “fragrance” in the ingredients list too.
In addition to its use in pain relievers and fever reducers, salicylic acid is a common active ingredient (approximately 2% in scrubs and washes) in Best Face Scrub. Salicylic acid is effective in treating acne as well as psoriasis, corns, warts and calluses and does so by causing the cells of the epidermis to shed more rapidly, therefore opening clogged pores and neutralizing bacteria. Salicylic acid is also used in higher dosage in peels, since facial peels are more aggressive then scrubs. You can find peel kits that contain 10% salicylic acid (considered light), up to 20% and 30%, considered medium and maximum strength respectively.